Trafficking in children on the increase
The ‘2014 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons’ shows girls make up 2 out of every 3 child victims, and together with women, account for 70 per cent of overall trafficking victims worldwide. In East Asia and the Pacific two-thirds of victims are trafficked for forced labour and a quarter for sexual exploitation.
The 2014 report, released yesterday by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) shows that one in three known victims of human trafficking is a child. It is a 5 per cent increase compared to the 2007-2010 period.
“Unfortunately, the report shows there is no place in the world where children, women and men are safe from human trafficking,” said UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov.
“Data from national authorities describe only what has been detected. It is very clear that the scale of modern-day slavery is far worse.”
No country is immune – there are at least 152 countries of origin and 124 countries of destination affected by trafficking in persons, and over 510 trafficking flows criss-crossing the world. Trafficking mostly occurs within national borders or within the same region, with transcontinental trafficking mainly affecting rich countries.
In some regions child trafficking is a major concern, with 33% of victims in Southeast Asia consisting of children.
Trafficking for forced labour – including in the manufacturing and construction sectors, domestic work and textile production – has also increased steadily in the past five years. About 35 per cent of the detected victims of trafficking for forced labour are female.
There are, however, regional variations: in East Asia and the Pacific two-thirds of victims are trafficked for forced labour and a quarter for sexual exploitation, while in Europe and Central Asia victims are mostly trafficked for sexual exploitation. In the Americas, the two types are detected in almost equal measure.
Most trafficking flows are interregional, and more than 6 out of 10 victims have been trafficked across at least one national border. The vast majority of convicted traffickers – 72 per cent – are male and citizens of the country in which they operate.
Among policy makers in Southeast Asia, there are concerns that the regional integration processes will increase movements across borders, potentially expanding the problem. Countries with lower capacity in border management and justice institutions are particularly vulnerable to this threat.
The report highlights that impunity remains a serious problem: 40 per cent of countries recorded few or no convictions, and over the past 10 years there has been no discernible increase in the global criminal justice response to this crime, leaving a significant portion of the population vulnerable to offenders.
“Even if most countries criminalize trafficking, many people live in countries with laws which are not in compliance with international standards, such as the Trafficking in Persons Protocol.” Mr. Fedotov said.
“This needs to change,” added Mr. Fedotov. “Every country needs to adopt the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime and the Protocol and commit themselves to full implementation.”